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Street Outreach Program (SOP)

Grants to USA Nonprofits, Agencies, and IHEs for
Intervention Programs for Homeless and Exploited Youth

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Funding Source:

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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) - Administration for Children and Families (ACF) - Administration on Children, Youth and Families (ACYF) - Family and Youth Services Bureau (FYSB)

Deadline Date:

06/20/18 4:30 PM ET Hard Copy Receipt; 11:59 PM ET Receipt via


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Grants to USA and territories nonprofit organizations, government agencies, and IHEs for outreach programs and services for children, youth, and families who have experienced homelessness, abuse, neglect, and trauma. Applicants are advised to create or verify the required registrations well in advance of the deadline.

The Administration on Children, Youth and Families (ACYF) is committed to facilitating healing and recovery and promoting the social and emotional well-being of children, youth, and families who have experienced homelessness, neglect, exposure to violence, sexual victimization, sexual exploitation, severe forms of trafficking, and/or trauma. Awards governed by this Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) and other discretionary spending this fiscal year are designed to ensure that evidence-informed prevention and intervention strategies are in place for runaway, homeless, and street youth to: (1) build skills that will contribute to the healthy, positive, productive functioning of children and the healthy transition of youth into adulthood, (2) end the sexual victimization of youth, and (3) identify youth victims of labor and sex trafficking.

An important component of promoting social and emotional well-being includes addressing the impact of trauma, which can have a profound effect on the overall functioning of children, youth, and families. Efforts to address the impact of trauma are essential in cultivating social and emotional well-being; therefore, the RHY Program promotes a trauma-informed approach, which involves understanding and responding to the symptoms of chronic, interpersonal trauma and traumatic stress, and the behavioral and mental health consequences of trauma.

FYSB continues supporting projects to promote interventions which prevent sexual exploitation through the RHY Program. These ongoing efforts seek to end sexual exploitation and trafficking incidents among runaway, homeless, and street youth and equip programs with the necessary tools to serve and identify youth victims or those at risk of becoming victims of sex or labor trafficking.

Project Description:

Pursuant to section 351(a) of the RHY Act, SOP grants are awarded for, "the purpose of providing street-based services to runaway and homeless, and street youth, who have been subjected to, or are at risk of being subjected to, sexual abuse, prostitution, sexual exploitation, severe forms of trafficking in persons, (as defined in section 7102(9) of Title 22), or sex trafficking (as defined in section 7102(10) of Title 22)."

Pursuant to section 302(3) of the RHY Act, Congress noted that services to young people should be developed and provided using a positive youth development approach that ensures a young person a sense of:

-Safety and structure;
-Belonging and membership;
-Self-worth and social contribution;
-Independence and control over one’s life; and
-Closeness in interpersonal relationships.

In addition to the statutory requirement set forth at section 302(3), section 1351.10 of the RHY Final Rule states, “Runaway and Homeless Youth grant services should have a positive youth development approach.”

The RHY Final Rule also states, at section 1351.23(i), projects, “...shall utilize and integrate into the operation of their projects the principles of positive youth development, including healthy messages, safe and structured places, adult role models, skill development, and opportunities to serve others.”

Additionally, as part of the service plan requirement, detailed at section 1351.1, Projects, “should incorporate the use of trauma-informed, evidence-based or evidence-informed interventions.”

Pursuant to section 1351.27(a) and (b) of the RHY Final Rule, projects, “shall provide services that are designed to assist clients in leaving the streets, making healthy choices, and building trusting relationships in areas where targeted youth congregate;” and projects, “shall directly or by referral provide treatment, counseling, prevention, and education services to clients as well as referral for emergency shelter.”

Project Goal, Vision, and Outcomes:

Goal: The primary goal of SOP is to provide street-based services to runaway, homeless, and street youth younger than 22 years of age who have been subjected to, or are at risk of being subjected to, sexual abuse, prostitution, sexual exploitation, and severe forms of trafficking in persons.

Vision: Projects will have a vision for translating the Goal of the SOP into measurable Short-Term Outcomes, as required by the SOP performance standards set forth in the RHY Final Rule and corresponding measures. The Project’s vision will describe how achievement of Short-Term Outcomes will lead to achievement of Intermediate and Long-Term Outcomes.

-Long-Term Outcomes are outcomes that speak to a desired condition of the youth served. For the purposes of this funding announcement, the Long-Term Outcomes may include, but should not be limited to, youth ultimately attaining and maintaining safe, stable housing.

-Intermediate Outcomes relate primarily, though not exclusively, to sustained behavior changes in the youth served. For the purposes of this FOA, the Intermediate Outcomes may include, but should not limited to, the number and percent of youth contacted by street outreach staff who engage in case planning or assessment.

-Short-Term Outcomes concern both the acquisition of knowledge, skills, and attitudes and with the achievement in SOP Performance Standards set forth in the RHY Rule and detailed in Section VI. 3. Reporting.

Project Approach:

Consistent with the statutory mandate set forth in the RHY Act, as well as the regulatory requirements set forth in the RHY Final Rule, SOP Projects will:
-Implement outreach intervention strategies to keep youth safe and help them leave the streets;
-Provide approaches to identify and end sexual exploitation and human trafficking situations;
-Coordinate and sustain partnerships in order to expand access to services that respond to the needs of youth experiencing homelessness;
-Establish and/or strengthen the integration of comprehensive services that enhance protective factors;
-Provide preventive services that enhance protective factors, such as connection to schools, vocational services, friends, and caring adults; and
-Identify and provide services to youth who are victims of any type of sexual victimization and severe forms of human trafficking.

Comprehensive Youth Centered Service Model:

In addition, SOP Projects will follow a Comprehensive Youth Centered Service Model that includes, but is not limited to:

Outreach: Projects must conduct continual, intense, individualized engagement with runaway, homeless, and street youth who are indefinitely or intermittently on the streets or spending significant time on the street, therefore increasing the chance of becoming victims of sexual exploitation or human trafficking. Pursuant to 45 CFR § 1351.23(d) of the RHY Final Rule, grantees must perform outreach in coordination with other organizations serving the same or similar client populations, such as child welfare agencies, juvenile justice systems, schools, and Department of Housing and Urban Development funded Continuums of Care (CoC). In addition, projects must have an outreach implementation strategy to include:

-Street Outreach Plan: Projects must have a plan that outlines where staff will conduct individualized, face-to-face outreach to youth in places where they congregate on the streets for certain hours, with a defined frequency of visits, including general areas and general locations; and what techniques they will use as branding and for carrying basic need packs, employing street outreach workers, and developing street-based safety protocols. This includes protocols and strategies to respond to youth who are victims of human trafficking and sexual exploitation.

-Public Outreach and Awareness: Projects must have a plan that informs the community about street outreach projects through social media, public service announcements, and collaboration with other youth serving organizations, culturally specific community- based organizations, sexual violence organizations, anti-trafficking agencies, law enforcement, health care providers, legal services, and other stakeholders.

Gateway services: Project outreach staff must provide food, drink, referrals to shelter, clothing, transportation, and hygiene products to prevent malnutrition and ill-health to youth, while building trust with youth they encounter on the street. Project outreach staff are also expected to build rapport to identify youth who are at-risk of or are victims of sexual trafficking, commercial sexual exploitation, sexual abuse, labor trafficking, and other forms of victimization. SOP workers are expected to provide valuable information to youth in case of potential trafficking or life-threatening situations (e.g., national and local youth hotline information, including the National Runaway Safeline and National Human Trafficking Hotline).

Screening and Assessment: Projects must implement standardized methods used to assess each youth's situation at drop-in-center program entry, during engagement on the street, or during intake screening. Assessments should determine a youth's immediate needs; physical, and behavioral health; connection to family; safety; access to resources; issues of neglect or abuse; and other risk and protective factors impacting his/her well-being and self-sufficiency. Assessments must be individualized, returning first time runaway youth to low-risk families, if appropriate, while prioritizing street youth for rapid sheltering. Assessment tools must also be able to evaluate the unique needs of subpopulations of runaway and homeless youth, such as, but not limited to: 1) youth who are pregnant or parenting; 2) system-involved youth, to include Juvenile Justice and child welfare; 3) sexually exploited or trafficked youth; 4) youth in need of substance abuse or mental health services; and 5) other vulnerable populations (e.g., Native American, youth with disabilities). FYSB has available a list of screening and assessment tools you can use to decide what type of interventions and services each young person may need.

Harm reduction: Projects must educate and engage youth on the street with regard to safety plans and ways to reduce risk of sexual exploitation, human trafficking, sexual assault, or any other harm associated with street life.

Access to emergency shelter: Projects must guarantee runaway, homeless, and street youth access to emergency shelter or safe and stable housing on a 24-hours-a-day basis. The shelter services must have a vacancy for referred youth and must be licensed, supervised, and age appropriate with an atmosphere youth will trust. Transportation to the shelter should be available, as needed, and barriers to entry should be low enough that it is easily accessible by youth. If shelter is provided through referrals, project staff must have a signed agreement with the organization guaranteeing that street outreach staff can enter the shelter 24 hours a day to access clients in residence. Safety housing for youth victims of trafficking should be carefully addressed when identifying emergency shelters.

Crisis stabilization: Projects must provide intensive case management and follow-up services to ensure that youth receive assistance with emotional and behavioral health challenges while developing a plan for permanency. Pursuant to 45 CFR § 1351.27(a) and (b), projects must provide services that are designed to assist clients leaving the streets, making healthy choices, and building trusting relationships in areas where targeted youth congregate and directly, or by referral, provide treatment, counseling, prevention, and education services to clients who are referred for emergency shelter.

Continuum service linkages: Projects must coordinate with system of care providers to ensure the ability to serve the homeless youth population. Pursuant to 45 CFR § 1351.23(b) of the RHY Final Rule, projects must also coordinate their activities with the Runaway and Homeless Youth National Communication System (Hotline).

Follow-up: Projects must provide follow-up care to youth, including, but not limited to, care visits, calls, and any form of open and active communication.

Drop-In Center (optional services): If projects propose this service, it must be accessible to youth to access services such as showers, hot meals, laundry, e-mail, phone, and case management services.

Additionally, RHY SOPs will identify and provide street-based services to youth victims of trafficking. SOPs are required to increase their capacity to identify and provide services and/or service referrals to trafficked youth by participating in professional trainings and integrating human trafficking elements (sex and labor trafficking) into screening and assessment tools.

SOPs are encouraged to enhance their human trafficking prevention and intervention efforts to end these incidents among vulnerable youth and identify trafficked youth.

Sustainability Plan:

SOP Projects will plan for project sustainability from the beginning of the project design and revisit and revise the plan throughout the life of the project. Projects will sustain key elements of the project (e.g., strategies or services, prevention and intervention outcomes) that have been effective in improving practice and those that have led to improved outcomes after the project period has ended. Projects will work closely with their Federal Project Officer to review and revise – as needed – an ongoing sustainability plan strategy focused on leveraging non-federal funding and resources to support the program in the event federal funds are no longer available.

GrantWatch ID#:

GrantWatch ID#: 181551

Number of Grants:

Expected Number of Awards: 37

Estimated Size of Grant:

-Award Ceiling: $150,000 Per Budget Period
-Award Floor: $90,000 Per Budget Period
-Average Projected Awards Amount: $112,000 Per Budget Period

Term of Contract:

The anticipated project start date is September 30, 2018.

This grant support a 36-month project period with three 12-month budget periods.

An initial grant award will be for a 12-month budget period. The award of continuation grants beyond the initial 12-month budget period will be subject to the availability of funds, satisfactory progress on the part of the grantee, and a determination that the continued funding would be in the best interest of the Federal Government.


  • City or township governments
  • County governments
  • Independent school districts
  • Indian housing authorities
  • Native American tribal governments (Federally recognized)
  • Native American tribal organizations (other than Federally funded tribal governments)
  • Nonprofits having a 501(c)(3) status with the IRS, other than institutions of higher education
  • Nonprofits that do not have a 501(c)(3) status with the IRS, other than institutions of higher education
  • Private institutions of higher education
  • Public and State controlled institutions of higher education
  • Public housing authorities
  • See RFP and/or Grant Guidelines for full eligibility
  • Special district governments
  • State governments

Additional Eligibility Criteria:

Eligible applicants include public and nonprofit private agencies and coordinated networks of such entities. For-profit organizations are not eligible. Private institutions of higher education must be nonprofit entities. In selecting eligible applicants to receive grants under this opportunity, priority will be given to public and nonprofit private agencies that have experience in providing services to runaway, homeless, and street youth.

Applications from individuals (including sole proprietorships) and foreign entities are not eligible and will be disqualified from competitive review and from funding under this announcement.

Faith-based and community organizations that meet the eligibility requirements are eligible to receive awards under this funding opportunity announcement.

Pre-Application Information:

Grantees are required to meet a non-federal share of the project cost. The federal share of the SOP project represents 90 percent of the total project cost supported by the federal government. The remaining 10 percent represents the required project match cost by the grantee. This may be a cash or in-kind contribution.

Matching Waiver Pursuant to 48 U.S.C. § 1469a(d): Matching requirements (including in-kind contributions) of less than $200,000 (up to $199,999) are waived under grants made to the governments of American Samoa, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (other than those consolidated under other provisions of 48 U.S.C. 1469) pursuant to 48 U.S.C. 1469a(d). This waiver applies whether the matching required under the grant equals or exceeds $200,000.

All applicants must have a DUNS Number and an active registration with the System for Award Management.

Obtaining a DUNS Number may take 1 to 2 days.

All applicants are required to maintain an active SAM registration until the application process is complete. If a grant is awarded, registration at SAM must be active throughout the life of the award.

Plan ahead. Allow at least 10 business days after you submit your registration for it to become active in SAM and at least an additional 24 hours before that registration information is available in other government systems, i.e.

The deadline for electronic application submission is 11:59 PM, ET on June 20, 2018. Electronic applications submitted to after 11:59 p.m., ET, on the due date, as indicated by a dated and time-stamped email from, will be disqualified from competitive review and from funding under this announcement.

The deadline for receipt of paper applications is 4:30 PM, ET, on June 20, 2018. Paper applications received after 4:30 p.m., ET, on the due date will be disqualified from competitive review and from funding under this announcement. Paper applications received from applicants that have not received approval of an exemption from required electronic submission will be disqualified from competitive review and from funding under this announcement.

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Contact Information:

Before starting your grant application, please review the funding source's website listed below for updates/changes/addendums/conferences/LOIs.

Program Office Contact:

Oluwatoyin Akintoye
Administration on Children, Youth and Families
Family and Youth Services Bureau, Headquarters
330 C Street, SW
Switzer Building, Third Floor, Room 3618c
Washington, DC 20201
Phone: (202) 205-7745

Office of Grants Management Contact:

Katrina Morgan
Administration for Children and Families
Office of Grants Management
330 C Street, SW
Switzer Building, Third Floor, Room 3204
Washington, DC 20201
Phone: (202) 401-5127

CFDA Number:


Funding or Pin Number:


URL for Full Text (RFP):

Geographic Focus:

USA: Alabama;   Alaska;   Arizona;   Arkansas;   California;   Colorado;   Connecticut;   Delaware;   Florida;   Georgia;   Hawaii;   Idaho;   Illinois;   Indiana;   Iowa;   Kansas;   Kentucky;   Louisiana;   Maine;   Maryland;   Massachusetts;   Michigan;   Minnesota;   Mississippi;   Missouri;   Montana;   Nebraska;   Nevada;   New Hampshire;   New Jersey;   New Mexico;   New York City;   New York;   North Carolina;   North Dakota;   Ohio;   Oklahoma;   Oregon;   Pennsylvania;   Rhode Island;   South Carolina;   South Dakota;   Tennessee;   Texas;   Utah;   Vermont;   Virginia;   Washington, DC;   Washington;   West Virginia;   Wisconsin;   Wyoming

USA Territories: American Samoa (USA)   Guam (USA)   Puerto Rico (USA)   Virgin Islands (USA)   Northern Mariana Islands (USA)