United States Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Office of Head Start (OHS)
07/31/17 11:59 PM ET for online submissions; 4:30 PM ET for paper applications (with Exemption from Required Electronic Application).
Grant to a Wisconsin nonprofit, for-profit, school, IHE, or government agency for the provision of high-quality child care services for migrant and seasonal farmworker families in the following Counties: Fond Du Lac, Green Lake, Winnebago, Waushara, Jefferson, Dodge, Waupaca, Portage, and Wood.
Program Background and Purpose:
The Head Start program provides grants to public and private nonprofit and for-profit agencies to provide comprehensive child development services to predominately economically disadvantaged children and families. Head Start's primary purpose is to prepare children to be ready for school. In fiscal year (FY) 1995, the Early Head Start program was established to serve pregnant women and children from birth to 3 years of age in recognition of the mounting evidence that the earliest years matter a great deal to children's growth and development. Since its beginning in 1965, Head Start has served more than 32 million children and their families. In FY 2014, Head Start was funded to serve 927,275 children and families; of these, nearly 117,000 participants were served in Early Head Start programs. There are approximately 1,700 Head Start grantees, including about 980 grantees providing Early Head Start.
Head Start programs promote school readiness by enhancing the social, cognitive, and emotional development of children through the provision of educational, health, nutritional, social, and other services to enrolled children and families. Language, literacy, mathematics, and science are among the key domains that must be addressed through Head Start.
Head Start programs emphasize family engagement because of the critical role that parents play in supporting their children's healthy development and school success. Effective Head Start programs engage parents in their children's learning as well as helping the parents themselves make progress toward their educational, literacy, and employment goals. The Head Start program also emphasizes the significant involvement of parents in the administration of local Head Start programs. These leadership opportunities are designed to strengthen skills that parents can apply to improving their family's economic well-being and to becoming more effective advocates for their children.
Head Start is designed to increase the number of low-income children receiving high-quality, comprehensive early education services that help facilitate healthy development - including physical and social/emotional development - and prepare them for school success. To meet this goal, it is critical that Head Start funds awarded through this FOA do not supplant existing services. Thus, an entity receiving a Head Start grant must: 1) expand the number of children it is serving relative to the number it would serve in the absence of the grant, and/or 2) improve the services provided to children it would serve in the absence of the grant (i.e., enhancing quality standards or extending the day).
Migrant and Seasonal Head Start Program:
In 1969, the Migrant Head Start Program was established to provide services to the children of migrant farmworkers. The program provides funds to grantees that offer Head Start services to low-income, farm-worker families that migrate during the harvest season to engage in agricultural labor. In 1998, language was added to the Head Start Act that allowed migrant programs to serve the children of low-income, seasonal farmworkers. There are currently 27 grantees providing services in 38 states. Approximately 30,000 children of agricultural workers, from ages 0 to 5 (over 50 percent of whom are infants and toddlers), receive services under this program each year.
Based on the Head Start Act, as amended December 2007 (42 U.S.C. 9801 et sec. and 45 CFR § 1305.2), migrant farm workers are families engaged in agricultural labor who have changed their residence from one geographic location to another in the preceding 2-year period. Seasonal farmworkers are families engaged primarily in seasonal agricultural labor who have not changed their residence from one geographic location to another in the preceding two years. As required in 45 CFR § 1302.14(a)(2), migrant programs must give priority to children from families whose pursuit of agricultural work required them to relocate most frequently within the previous 2-year period.
Agricultural labor is the production and harvesting of tree and field crops, including preparing the soil, planting, cultivating, picking, canning, and processing. Agricultural work that supports crop production, such as irrigation, crop protection, and operation of farm machinery are also included, as is the production and harvesting of greenhouse and nursery products. Unlike other migrant and seasonal federal definitions, fishery and livestock are not included in the Head Start definition.
In order for a child to be eligible for MSHS: 1) the family must generally be low income according to federal poverty guidelines, 2) the family must meet the Head Start definition of migrant or seasonal (45 CFR § 1302.2), and 3) the grantee must be able to verify that the family income is derived primarily (more than 50 percent) from agricultural work. OHS considers migrant children to be the neediest because they move the most. Grantees are expected to provide services for the length of time that families are living and working in a particular agricultural community.
A typical MSHS program serves children ages 0 to 5 in licensed child care centers or family child care homes. Since parents are working long hours, migrant programs typically operate between 8 to 12 hours a day (lengths of the day depends upon the peak harvests in the service area), including some holidays or weekends at the peak of the agricultural season. Services to migrant children are provided during the time families are working in the fields, often from mid-spring until the fall, although this varies considerably, depending on a program's location. Services for seasonal children are generally provided concurrently with the school year, generally September to May, although this also may vary depending on the particular needs of a program's seasonal families. Since seasonal families have not moved searching for agricultural work in the last two years by definition, these are families that mostly have decided to settle in the community and need continuity of services. In most cases, seasonal families need support throughout the year, including services during the summer, in order to help transition the family to the mainstream community.
MSHS was created to serve working families. Therefore, programs are expected to accommodate the needs of parents' long work days. Usually, meetings with families are held in the evenings or on weekends to encourage parent participation. Typically, transportation is provided to the children, as young as two months old, to and from home, ensuring their attendance. Many migrant families share the use of vehicles to get to and from work and cannot transport their children to the Head Start centers. Once at the centers or family child care homes, well-balanced and healthy meals are provided. In addition to medical and dental services, the children receive comprehensive services, including the implementation of an evidence-based curriculum to ensure children are ready for school.
Strong collaborations and close partnerships with Migrant Education, Local School Districts, Community Health Clinics, farmers, and others help ensure that migrant and seasonal families receive timely and comprehensive medical, dental, mental health, and disabilities services during the often short period of time that they remain in a particular area.
Based on recent data about MSHS, 83 percent of children's primary language is Spanish. Teachers, who are often bilingual, support all areas of children's development and learning. They work with the children in language development, including English language acquisition, while supporting their home language. In 2012, 51 percent of the children served in MSHS were infants and toddlers. The number of infants, toddlers, and preschoolers that a program serves each year may vary, and programs should be flexible to accommodate families arriving to work in multiple agricultural crops. Because of families' high mobility, programs are asked to focus on transition activities so that families have the information they need to support children's continued development as they travel to new work locations.
MSHS programs may enroll children from birth to the age of school entry. Families must either have incomes below the poverty line or be eligible for public assistance in order to be eligible for Head Start programs. In addition, homeless children and children in foster care are categorically eligible for Head Start. Children are selected for enrollment based on age and income eligibility and relative level of need with regard to other criteria that are identified within each community (45 CFR § 1302.12 and 1302.15).
Head Start regulations permit up to 10 percent of enrolled Head Start children to be from families that do not meet these low-income criteria. A provision in the Head Start Act, as discussed in Section 645(a)(1)(B), allows grantees that can ensure that all eligible children, including homeless children, are served, to enroll up to an additional 35 percent of its participants from families with incomes greater than or equal to 100 percent, but less than 130 percent of the poverty line.
Additionally, Head Start programs must ensure that at least 10 percent of the total number of children enrolled by the Head Start agency and delegates are children with disabilities unless a waiver is granted.
Federal Head Start funds must be used to serve eligible children as described in this section. Additional children who are not income-eligible for Head Start can be served so long as their participation is supported through other funding sources, including child care subsidies, public school pre-K allocations, parent-paid tuition, or other sources. Such program designs may be beneficial in promoting socioeconomic diversity within classrooms. All costs must be allocated to appropriate funding sources in compliance with federal requirements.
Head Start regulations allow for a variety of program options and designs. Applicants should propose a design or designs that best address the needs of the proposed service area. Applicants have flexibility in determining the appropriate number of children to be served by the various program options (center-based, home-based, or combination) and program designs (hours per day, days per week, weeks per year).
GrantWatch ID#: 181701
Expected Number of Awards: 1
$1,777,457 per budget period.
The anticipated project start date is 12/02/2017.
The length of the project is 60-months with five 12-month budget periods.
Eligible applicants are any public or private nonprofit agencies, including community-based and faith-based organizations, or for-profit agencies pursuant to the Head Start Act, 42 U.S.C. § 9836(a)(1).
Applications from individuals (including sole proprietorships) and foreign entities are not eligible and will be disqualified from competitive review and from funding under this announcement.
Faith-based and community organizations that meet the eligibility requirements are eligible to receive awards under this funding opportunity announcement. Faith-based organizations are encouraged to review the ACF Policy on Grants to Faith-Based Organizations.
Head Start grantees must, unless a waiver is granted, contribute 20 percent of the total cost of
the program from non-federal funds. A waiver may be granted for any of the grounds listed in Section 640(b) of the Head Start Act (45 CFR § 1303.4).
All applicants must have a DUNS Number and an active registration with the System for Award Management. Obtaining a DUNS Number may take 1 to 2 days. Allow at least 10 business days after you submit your registration for it to become active in SAM and at least an additional 24 hours before that registration information is available in other government systems, i.e. Grants.gov.
The deadline is July 31, 2017. The deadline for electronic application submission is 11:59 PM ET via Grants.gov. The deadline for receipt of paper applications is 4:30 PM ET. Paper applications received from applicants that have not received approval of an exemption from required electronic submission will be disqualified from competitive review and from funding under this announcement.
View this opportunity on Grants.gov:
Before starting your grant application, please review the funding source's website listed below for updates/changes/addendums/conferences/LOIs.
Program Office Contact:
Administration for Children and Families
Office of Head Start
330 C Street, SW.
Washington, DC 20201
Office of Grants Management Contact:
Administration for Children and Families
330 C Street, S.W.
Washington, DC 20201
USA: Wisconsin: Green Lake, Fond Du Lac, Waushara, Winnebago, Dodge, Jefferson, Portage, Waupaca, and Wood Counties